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Energy Security

Energy security for all

Energy security may be defined as “the uninterrupted availability of energy sources at an affordable price.” Energy is an integral part for an individual and collective progress of the society. Energy policy of India becomes crucial as India aims to be a developed nation by scaling basic infrastructure, developing human skill, increasing employment generation and manufacturing abilities, energy is vital for meeting such objectives and this objectives will push India’s energy consumption.

Presently, India is world’s third largest producer of electricity and fourth largest consumer, electricity coverage in India is 79.2% (As per World Bank 2014 report), average electricity use per capita is 1.074 KWH. In order to supply adequate electricity to all the people in the country by 2019, Government of India launched a scheme called Saubhagya Yojana on 25th Sep 2017 (Power for All).

Few Challenges associated for Energy security

  • No access to electricity: Over 300 million people in India or 60 million households have no access to electricity.In many parts of the country where villages are electrified, electricity supply is intermittent and unreliable
  • Coal supply: In spite of abundant reserves of coal, the country isn’t producing enough to feed its power plants. Poor coal transport infrastructure has worsened these problems. To expand its coal production capacity, Coal India needs to mine new deposits. However, most of India’s coal lies under protected forests or designated tribal lands. Obtaining Statutory Clearance to operate these mines is one of the biggest challenge.
  • Transmission & distribution loss: Transmission and distribution losses exceeds 20% which includes auxiliary power consumption of thermal power stations, fictitious electricity generation by wind generators, solar power plants etc
  • Theft of power: In India, financial loss due to theft of electricity may be around $16billion yearly. Some power companies continue to bleed and lead to bankruptcy due to one of these factors. This also leads to pay more by legal users
  • The residential building sector: It is one of the largest consumers of electricity in India. Continuous urbanization and the growth of population result in increasing power consumption in buildings.

    • Environmental solutions to achieve Energy security

    • Upcoming Industrial and Infrastructure projects should be given clearance by the statutory authorities only if they adhere to use renewable energy as the major source of power during construction and operation phase of the project.
    • Regular monitoring of the renewable energy developed at the project site should be done by governmental agencies like CPCB/SPCB or by third party auditing.
    • Setting smart grid system : A smart grid is an electricity network based on digital technology that is used to supply electricity to consumers via two-way digital communication. This system allows for monitoring, analysis, control and communication within the supply chain to help improve efficiency, reduce energy consumption and cost, and maximize the transparency and reliability of the energy supply chain.
      1. Benefits of Smart grid technology
      2. More efficient transmission of electricity
      3. Quicker restoration of electricity after power disturbances
      4. Reduced operations and management costs for utilities, and ultimately lower power costs for consumers
      5. Reduced peak demand, which will also help lower electricity rates Increased integration of large-scale
        renewable energy systems
      6. Better integration of customer-owner power generation systems, including renewable energy systems.
    • MoEF & Ministry of Power should work in coordination to increase the renewable energy production of the country and should assist the state government, local agencies like municipal corporations to enhance the renewable energy production in their respective jurisdiction area.


  • About the CLUB OF ROME

    The Club of Rome was founded in 1968 as an informal association of independent leading personalities from politics, business and science, men and women who are long-term thinkers interested in contributing in a systemic interdisciplinary and holistic manner to a better world.

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    Viewer: |   Last Updated: 18-02-2019 - Saturday