Every year 17th June is observed as ‘World Day to Combat Desertification and Drought’ to promote awareness on desertification and drought. This year's theme focuses on food, Feed, Fibre’ to enhance the productivity of land to meet the demand of more than 10 billion population. As the land resources are continuously overexploited to meet such high demands. But,the overexploitation has badly impacted the ecology cycles. The recent report on COVID-19 by UNCCD (United Nations Convention to Combat Desertification) highlights that the pandemic has shown desertification, land degradation, and drought are linked to animal loss and their habitat which leads to the spread of disease from animals to humans. To slow down the desertification and droughts conditions the adaptation of nature-based solutions are essential such as,
Circular Fashion - Circular fashion means the life span of every single part of the garment is cyclic. This concept engages ‘Rs - principles’, reducing natural resources, green lifestyles. With the current fashion culture i.e ‘wear it once’ is damaging the environment as the fate of disposing of is incineration and landfill.
Organic Farming - Organic farming promotes a healthy balance between nature and farming. It reduces soil erosion, decreasing toxic leaching into the groundwater and surface water, and less use of chemical fertilizer & pesticide. The quality of food is best as compared to conventional farming.
Reduce food consumption - Every year1.3 billion of food is wasted due to improper consumption, instable food insecurity, and inefficient food distribution. The second fact, the Water requirement is more in meat & dairy production as compare to fruits & veggies production. Therefore, limiting meat & dairy products will consume less water. The poultry farm requires more land space than veggies farms.
Sustainable land management - The term defines the use of land resources including soils, water, animals, and plants for the production of goods to meet changing human needs while simultaneously ensuring the long-term benefits. It integrates biodiversity, ecology, economics, social values, and climate change challenges to gets holistic approaches solutions for drylands.
Sowing seeds of sustainability, security, and stability, it will reap the long term benefits such as protection from the pandemic, climate change, responsible consumption will achieve balanced economic growth.