World Forestry Day or International Day of Forests is celebrated worldwide every year on 21st
of March at the international level in order to increase the public awareness among communities about the values, significance and contributions of the forests to balance the life cycle on the earth. Sustainable Management of all types of forests are at the heart of unlocking challenges of conflict affected areas, developing and developed countries, for benefit of our future generation.
History of Forest Day:
The World Forestry Day was established in the year 1971 at the 23rd
General Assembly of European Confederation of Agriculture. And it was decided to be celebrated as an annual event celebration on 21st
of March by the United Nations Food and Agriculture Organization.
Why World Forest Day is celebrated?
Forests are very essential part of the life on Earth. A forest just doesn’t mean trees, but it’s an entire complex living community. They always fulfill the demands of the human beings by providing shadow, shelter, refreshment including clean air and water. In the modern world of growing global population increases the demands of forest products so the forests are at big risks of deforestation and degradation. The reckless felling of trees is creating many problems in the surrounding, so need of hour to be alert and act in welfare of our forest.
Forest Day Theme 2018: “Forest for Sustainable Cities”
In 2018, the International Day of Forests will address the theme, 'Forests for Sustainable Cities,' and will focus on how forests and trees in urban areas regulate temperature and water flows, provide nutritious foods and shelter, cleanse the air and foster community cohesion and individual well-being, among other benefits.
UN Key Messages of Forest Day 2018:
Did you know that?
Forests in and around urban areas help to filter and regulate water, contributing to high-quality fresh water supplies for hundreds of millions of people. Forests also protect watersheds and prevent flooding as they store water in their branches and soil.
Well-managed forests and trees in and around cities provide habitats, food and protection for many plants and animals, helping to maintain and increase biodiversity.
Strategic placement of trees in urban areas can cool the air by up to 80C, reducing the need for air conditioning by 30%.
Forests in cities and surrounding areas generate tourism, create tens of thousands of jobs and encourage city beautification schemes, building dynamic, energetic and prosperous green economies.
Urban green spaces, including forests, encourage active and healthy lifestyles, improve mental health, prevent disease, and provide a place for people to socialize.
Approximately 883 million people in developing countries are employed in wood energy sector on a full or part-time basis.
Wood provides the world with more energy than solar, hydroelectric or wind power, accounting for 40% of current global renewable energy supply.
Deforestation accounts for 12-20% of the global greenhouse gas emissions that contribute to global warming as per UN.
About 50% of global wood production is used as energy for cooking, heating and electricity generation.
For 2.4 billion people, wood fuel means a cooked and more nutritious meal, boiled water, and a warm dwelling.
Sanjay Gandhi National Park (SGNP) known as “Lungs of Mumbai” has the distinction of being the only wildlife preserve located in metropolitan anywhere in the world is, it is a perfect example of “Forest for Sustainability” theme of the year.