Very recently seen in Bengaluru (Bellandur lake) and more in the past decade as break-neck construction and poor urban planning choked water bodies, filled them up with sewage and pollutants. Also the effluents from nearby industries have worsened the situation.Would you believe that the closure of the industries will help to restore the lake?
I believe one of the major reasons behind this type of frothing is due to the indiscriminate discharge of industrial effluents into lakes which in turn causes
the toxicity, leading to the water body foaming. But only industries can’t be blamed for this and just the closure of the industries will do no good however
to some extent the frothing may be controlled. On the other side of the story next thing to blame is detergent; experts say the ubiquity of washing machines
in urban India and unsystematic use of detergent by households have come together to turn Bellandur Lake into a foamy disaster. Incidentally, around 40% of 1,800
households surveyed in eastern Bengaluru (where the water body is located) were found to be using at least five kg of detergent in a month. So the domestic
discharges should also be taken under consideration for the management of environmental health of the lake. Restoration of a water body is not an overnight
process but restricting the pollutant source will help to achieve the pristine condition of lake, gradually.
Frothing of Bellandur lake is a serious matter of concern from environmental point of view, as this is not only affecting water quality of the lake but also
showing the improper management of effluent treatment plant, sewage treatment plant and drainage plan of the industries and residential complexes.
Root cause of frothing in Bellandur lake should be identified, industries which are not complying with the ETP norms should be definitely given closure notice but along with it drainage pattern of nearby residential complexes should be studied, as it may also be one of the major contributing factor for frothing of lake.
A recent study at the Indian Institute of Science in Bengaluru, found that around 90% of the lakes in Bengaluru were affected because of the “sustained inflow of untreated sewage and industrial effluents” so sending closure notice to all the industries will not be the suitable solution along with it STP and drainage pattern of nearby complexes should be monitored and adequate action should be implemented to those found guilty.
Lake Bellandur holds the title for the largest lake in Bangalore and also for the most polluted lake in India. Rapid urbanization, lackadaisical approach of
officials towards preservation of the water body and haphazard dumping of construction, sewage and industrial waste has now reduced this once thriving lake
into an odious cesspool.
Even after shutting down industries the problem still persists. Rapid and in-depth identification for the sources of pollutants is needed and at the same time a proper remediation plan needs to be implemented at the site. Residential buildings must be either connected to a common STP in the area or must be directed to install individual STP’s in their premises and reuse the treated water or discharge it to municipal pipelines. There should be constant monitoring of the industrial waste discharged and ZLD must be implemented. Dumping of any sewage, effluent or solid waste in the lake must be banned indefinitely and polluters must be heavily fined.
The officials are using a preventive approach at the moment but focus should also be given on a curative strategy to clean up and restore the lake to its natural state. The simple solution is for citizens and officials work in harmony and find and implement a collective solution to this problem.
Imposing fine on 5 star hotels for violating waste norms is a remarkable judgement by NGT as big corporates and industrial complexes will have fear that if they
don’t manage their waste in an effective way, they can also be fined by NGT in future.
Along with imposing fine,violators should also be strictly directed to implement waste management strategy and a committee of an environmental expert should be formed to check the waste management conditions of this hotels on regular basis.
Only implementing fine won’t make any improvement in environmental conditions, it will only make sense of fear among other hotels and big corporates before violating environmental norms
NGT has not only fined the hotels for flouting the Solid Waste Management Rules but has also directed the hotels to implement proper solid and liquid waste management facilities in their respective premises with immediate effect. The fine collected from these defaulting Hotels is based on the Polluter Pays principle and this is completely justified. With a steep increase in the quantity of waste generated across the country, all establishments are equally responsible for handling their wastes and in the absence of a proper waste management strategy; the establishment is a defaulting entity and is liable to pay. Penalising the establishment is a way of reminding them that their activities are being closely monitored to ensure no pollution to the environment and as such they will seek to comply with the norms to save on paying further fines and saving their brand name from bad publicity.
Imposing fine as an environmental compensation to some extent will make the hotels consider this part and take the norms seriously. But the problem arises when they pay the fine for that particular time and after that they start their pollution scenario all over again. Imposing fine is a good thing but along with this there must be some norms or commitments to be made from the polluter’s side so that they not only pay for the damages but also will be determined to purify the environmental parameters.
Damaging floodplains on the name of festivals or any cultural event should not at all be acceptable. Organisers of the event should be fined for damaging floodplains but along with them the governmental agencies which gave permission to organize such a big event on the banks of Yamuna they should also be penalised,as on the one side government has started initiative to clean river Yamuna and on the other side the mega event is granted permission , thus along with organizers of the event the approving agency should also be penalised and government should plan a floodplain restoration plan .
India has a vast coastline and fragile coasts have been identified in numerous reports. The floodplains are an extremely sensitive area which acts as a natural barrier against extreme tides. Additionally it has its own unique ecosystem. Permitting events of any kind can disturb the natural ecosystem and may have permanent effects on the fragile floodplains. The “Prevention is better than Cure” strategy must be enforced in such cases deeming such fragile ecosystems as restricted areas so that event organisers are aware that such areas are off-limits to any human activity.
Floodplains provide a host of natural functions that may mitigate erosion, reduce flooding, revitalize local habitats, and reduce local water pollution. Banks of
waterways matter because their stability, dependent largely on vegetation, affects levels of siltation and flooding. In the Art of Living festival, the Yamuna
floodplains were severely harmed and “almost all its natural vegetation” was lost, affecting the natural habitat of large number animals, insects and other organisms.
Once these flood plains are disturbed then it’s very difficult to restore it, there are n number of challenges which have to be faced in the process so why not take a prevention measure than to go for mitigating it.
Modifications to India's Coastal Regulation Zone (CRZ) rules this year have lifted the ban on land reclamation for commercial purposes; will allow tourism in ecologically sensitive coastal areas.
Lifting ban on commercial purposes will increase the constructional activities near the shoreline thus it will lead to serious coastal damage and also affect
the livelihood of fisherman’s ,allowing tourism activities in ecological sensitive areas will increase risk of flood as ESZ serves as buffer between land and
New Coastal Law totally dilutes the objective of CRZ Notification 2011 of protecting coastal areas, it will have devastating impact on marine environment and will increase chances of flood if implemented.
The CRZ Rules, 2011 have been modified time and again claiming that it is done in public interest. Unfortunately for the authorities, it is the public itself that is up in arms against the constant relaxation of the rules. After making amendments to the rules to allow the coastal road and statues in the CRZ areas, the CZMA has now amended the CRZ Rules and has reclassified CRZ areas, which has opened it up to more construction. Allowing tourism in sensitive areas permits a lot of unregulated activities such as jet boat rides, small beach shacks, etc. which will cause air water and noise pollution and will disturb the flora and fauna in that area. The fishing communities often venture to such undisturbed coasts to fish and the revised notification will cause a grave impact on their livelihoods. The entire process of revising the CRZ Rules has been behind closed doors and the authorities have not taken the opinions of the public before finalizing the notification which is supposedly in the ‘interest of the public’.
India’s seashore is some-more than 7,500 km (4,660 miles) long, and about 3.5 million people make a vital from fishing and associated activities. There are some-more
than 3,000 fishing villages along a coast, from remote farming hamlets to bustling civic settlements in cities such as Mumbai and Chennai. Fisherman strengthen our
lives and theirs with what they catch and it should be compromised with the structures for people who wish sea views and beach sports or who are involved in various
This upcoming law, not only makes the livelihood of fisherman difficult but also it will provide a dent on environment as tourism will be promoted freely without any obligations. Perhaps this law with some modifications on the special focus given on management of green tourisms on the coast could be a better alternative, also keeping fisherman in consideration, some land rights should be reserved for them.