In this technical era, where every electronic item is upgraded and replaced by latest one’s the quantity of E-waste is increasing enormously. India is the fifth largest electronic waste producer in the world. Although, there are various guidelines and rules directed by Government for E-waste management but there is a lack of awareness among common people about the ill effects of E-waste, thus they do not segregate e-waste and discard it along with common municipal solid waste which indirectly affects rag pickers, municipal workers etc.
Awareness need to be generated among people about the toxins and hazards associated with E-waste. Government should set up E-waste collecting units so that E-waste gets discarded in environmentally sound manner and the valuable material from it can be reused.
There should be regular audit by pollution control board or any designated Governmental agency to check whether bulk generators of e-waste follow the conditions which was incorporated by SPCB’s while granting permission to run unit.
E-waste include toxic substances such as Cadmium and Lead which even in a small amount, mixed with the residual waste will introduce relatively high amount of heavy metals that is very injurious to the human health. Till today we can see that E-wastes are disposed along with the municipal waste. The main focus should be given on establishing environmentally sound recycling infrastructure and then to make related regulatory regime more stringent & proper monitoring of the rules once implemented.
E-waste represents a challenging recycling problem for several reasons. This is due to the reason of the material complexity of the product, a combination of valuable metals with hazardous ones so attention is needed to attain the recycling of E-waste in environmentally friendly manner.
The organized E-waste recycling industry is at its inflection point in India and is expected to
grow at a brisk pace. Though Government have made stringent rules, many of educational institutes and industries are not aware of the rules and continue to sell waste to unorganized sector. Unorganized setups generally employ low paid workers, who are not trained properly to process E-waste and thus are hostile to numerous health problems and also the environment is severely affected due to toxic chemicals.
There is uttermost need to sensitize people about proper disposal of E-waste and encourage the idea of refurbished electronics. Segregation of waste at source should be followed. The E-waste collection centers should be set up at easily approachable distance. Periodic monitoring to check the status of law implementation by authorized agency should be scheduled. The Government and the manufacturers should recognize the informal sector and find mechanisms to bring it into the fold of formal waste management.
As of March 2018, out of total installed power capacity, 57.9% is from coal whereas solar contributes to only 5.8%. Being a tropical country geographically, India has huge potential in generating solar energy as it receives solar radiation almost throughout the year.
As mentioned above, at present only 5-6% of total install power capacity is of solar no doubt there are ongoing projects which can in future increase power dependency of country to certain extent on solar but saying solar will be mainstream of power supply is difficult as there is huge gap between solar and coal which is major source of energy in country.
As far as our country's electricity production has been considered, we can very well see an imbalance between the demand of electricity & the supply for it. In the scenario like this where the consumption is greater than the production; electricity produced by solar plants can be a fulfilling option.
India has a power generation capacity of about 170K MW of which only about 8–10% is generated through renewable sources. From the above we can mark the potential of our country to generate electricity from the renewable source like solar power. Indian climate is suitable for the solar initiatives and adequate amount of sunlight that reaches is a source of unlimited energy, adds a bonus to it. India being driven by solar units as a mainstream electricity will not only solve the purpose of electricity demand but it will also help the environment directly in the environmental protection & if we talk from the country's perspective then it will assist India in the economic development also. Solar power plants can play a huge role in meeting the energy security goals for our country.
Being a tropical country, India has a vast scope for harnessing solar energy. Currently the share of renewable energy is 32% and fossil fuel energy is 65% .India is developing solar technology at a great pace and it is non-polluting and conventional source of energy. Various institute have started using solar as primary energy source. Like every coin has two sides, on other side it’s slightly costly compare to conventional energy sources like coal and we can’t depend solely on solar energy during rainy season. Apparently, it’s quite challenging to meet the energy demand of the huge population solely from solar.
According to analysts, renewable energy sources and coal will co-exist, as the availability of coal is abundant in India and it can provide affordable power to propel India’s growth and light every household. But on other side we have to compromise on the air quality and other environmental concerns. So it’s challenging to main stream solar power, due to various constrains, but we can definitely maximize the use of solar energy in the near future, combining with other renewable energy sources.
Banning plastic is an appreciable work and by doing so Maharashtra Government has took huge step in combating plastic pollution and risks associated with it. Plastic being major required commodity in every day to day life banning it will definitely have some impact on common people but if Government has appropriate planning and provides suitable substitute which can replace plastic, Surely this ban will be successful.
Government should also take stringent against people using plastic even after providing alternative to it. Implementing plastic ban on ground is a huge administrative work which can only be implemented with effective planning.
Ban on plastic bags by the Maharashtra Government is a welcome move. The excessive careless use of plastics has caused a great environmental damage. Most of the plastic make their way into ocean in a form of microplastics. Microplastics consists a diversity of polymer types (e.g., poly-ethylene, polypropylene) which can have their sources from different areas. The formation of microplastics takes place by breaking down of larger particulate plastic by the process of photolysis, thermo-oxidation, thermo-degradation and also possibly by biodegradation.
Chemicals from plastics are becoming a constant part of daily diet for the biotic consumers, when talking about the marine pollution. Since we know that plastic do not degrade easily so it is capable of having toxic effects on both the environment as well as on the human lives.
Plastic ban has the potential to help our environment however this will only be feasible when the ban will be applicable with an alternative offered at the same time.
The step taken by government is most appreciable decision. Plastic which is generated in tones, is potentially harmful to environment since it doesn’t degrade easily and affects largely the marine ecosystem.
According to sources, only a few states of North East, majorly in Sikkim, the ban is completely effective. Due to plastic ban, lakhs of people directly or indirectly have become jobless. We unfortunately have made plastic an intricate part of our life. Unless we have affordable viable option, the ban will not be implemented in true spirit. As much as possible recycling unit and advance technologies should be set up to treat this havoc which we have generated. Periodic monitoring to check the status of law implementation by authorized agency should be scheduled. Lastly it’s every individual’s duty to behave in responsible manner towards use of plastic.
Very recently seen in Bengaluru (Bellandur lake) and more in the past decade as break-neck construction and poor urban planning choked water bodies, filled them up with sewage and pollutants. Also the effluents from nearby industries have worsened the situation.Would you believe that the closure of the industries will help to restore the lake?
I believe one of the major reasons behind this type of frothing is due to the indiscriminate discharge of industrial effluents into lakes which in turn causes
the toxicity, leading to the water body foaming. But only industries can’t be blamed for this and just the closure of the industries will do no good however
to some extent the frothing may be controlled. On the other side of the story next thing to blame is detergent; experts say the ubiquity of washing machines
in urban India and unsystematic use of detergent by households have come together to turn Bellandur Lake into a foamy disaster. Incidentally, around 40% of 1,800
households surveyed in eastern Bengaluru (where the water body is located) were found to be using at least five kg of detergent in a month. So the domestic
discharges should also be taken under consideration for the management of environmental health of the lake. Restoration of a water body is not an overnight
process but restricting the pollutant source will help to achieve the pristine condition of lake, gradually.
Frothing of Bellandur lake is a serious matter of concern from environmental point of view, as this is not only affecting water quality of the lake but also
showing the improper management of effluent treatment plant, sewage treatment plant and drainage plan of the industries and residential complexes.
Root cause of frothing in Bellandur lake should be identified, industries which are not complying with the ETP norms should be definitely given closure notice but along with it drainage pattern of nearby residential complexes should be studied, as it may also be one of the major contributing factor for frothing of lake.
A recent study at the Indian Institute of Science in Bengaluru, found that around 90% of the lakes in Bengaluru were affected because of the “sustained inflow of untreated sewage and industrial effluents” so sending closure notice to all the industries will not be the suitable solution along with it STP and drainage pattern of nearby complexes should be monitored and adequate action should be implemented to those found guilty.
Lake Bellandur holds the title for the largest lake in Bangalore and also for the most polluted lake in India. Rapid urbanization, lackadaisical approach of
officials towards preservation of the water body and haphazard dumping of construction, sewage and industrial waste has now reduced this once thriving lake
into an odious cesspool.
Even after shutting down industries the problem still persists. Rapid and in-depth identification for the sources of pollutants is needed and at the same time a proper remediation plan needs to be implemented at the site. Residential buildings must be either connected to a common STP in the area or must be directed to install individual STP’s in their premises and reuse the treated water or discharge it to municipal pipelines. There should be constant monitoring of the industrial waste discharged and ZLD must be implemented. Dumping of any sewage, effluent or solid waste in the lake must be banned indefinitely and polluters must be heavily fined.
The officials are using a preventive approach at the moment but focus should also be given on a curative strategy to clean up and restore the lake to its natural state. The simple solution is for citizens and officials work in harmony and find and implement a collective solution to this problem.
Imposing fine on 5 star hotels for violating waste norms is a remarkable judgement by NGT as big corporates and industrial complexes will have fear that if they
don’t manage their waste in an effective way, they can also be fined by NGT in future.
Along with imposing fine,violators should also be strictly directed to implement waste management strategy and a committee of an environmental expert should be formed to check the waste management conditions of this hotels on regular basis.
Only implementing fine won’t make any improvement in environmental conditions, it will only make sense of fear among other hotels and big corporates before violating environmental norms
NGT has not only fined the hotels for flouting the Solid Waste Management Rules but has also directed the hotels to implement proper solid and liquid waste management facilities in their respective premises with immediate effect. The fine collected from these defaulting Hotels is based on the Polluter Pays principle and this is completely justified. With a steep increase in the quantity of waste generated across the country, all establishments are equally responsible for handling their wastes and in the absence of a proper waste management strategy; the establishment is a defaulting entity and is liable to pay. Penalising the establishment is a way of reminding them that their activities are being closely monitored to ensure no pollution to the environment and as such they will seek to comply with the norms to save on paying further fines and saving their brand name from bad publicity.
Imposing fine as an environmental compensation to some extent will make the hotels consider this part and take the norms seriously. But the problem arises when they pay the fine for that particular time and after that they start their pollution scenario all over again. Imposing fine is a good thing but along with this there must be some norms or commitments to be made from the polluter’s side so that they not only pay for the damages but also will be determined to purify the environmental parameters.